BIBFRAME is a project initiated by the Library of Congress in 2012, with the aim of replacing the current MARC21 format for cataloguing library materials. While MARC has been a reliable and effective method of managing data for libraries, it was designed to meet the needs of unconnected libraries, beginning back in the 1960s. Standardisation allowed the easy sharing of data between libraries for the first time. In 1973 MARC became the international standard for libraries. MARC21 (the current standard) was created in 1999.
So why has there been a push for change?
While MARC data works well in the traditional library setting, and allows easy data exchange between libraries, it is not easily accessible to the internet. The push for data to be more linked and quickly found has placed demands on libraries to examine data storage practices.
BIBFRAME aims to integrate with the digital world to give greater access to our collections through search browsers. While keeping the necessary data to allow libraries to continue to provide usual search practices, it is formatted in an HTML format to allow ease of access. Naturally there have been some changes in terminology to make the information more understood by a wider audience than just library members.
One of the advantages of BIBFRAME is that users will be able to “Google” library items in a normal search and get results of holdings from nearby libraries.
The Library of Congress sees that the MARC21 standard will be in use for many years to come. Translators or converters are being developed which will change MARC21 records to a BIBFRAME format automatically. New editors are being created to allow creation of BIBFRAME records from scratch without the need to go through MARC.
If you want to read more about BIBFRAME the Library of Congress has materials devoted to the project at https://www.loc.gov/bibframe/
To give you an idea of how the two formats differ check this out:
cam a22 uc 4500
008 180919s2019 nyua 00| 0|eng
010 $a 2018958785
050 00 $aTT820$b.K335 2019
082 0 $a746.432$223
100 1 $aKaye, London$eauthor
245 10 $aCrochet with London Kaye$bprojects and ideas to yarn bomb your life$cLondon Kaye
264 1 $aNew York, NY$bAbrams$c2019
300 $a175 pages$bcolor illustrations$c25 cm
336 $astill image$bsti$0http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/contentTypes/sti
500 $acolor illustrations
650 0 $aCrocheting.
650 0 $aCrocheting$vPatterns
650 0 $aYarn bombing.
650 0 $aYarn bombing$vPictorial works
The same record in BIBFRAME is approximately 350 lines of code, this is the first few
<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=”http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#” xmlns:zs=”http://docs.oasis-open.org/ns/search-ws/sruResponse” xmlns:bf=”http://id.loc.gov/ontologies/bibframe/” xmlns:bflc=”http://id.loc.gov/ontologies/bflc/” xmlns:madsrdf=”http://www.loc.gov/mads/rdf/v1#” xmlns:rdfs=”http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#”>
<rdfs:label>DLC marc2bibframe2 v1.7.0</rdfs:label>
You can see the full record at https://lccn.loc.gov/2018958785/bibframe
If you want to see how it looks in a library catalogue go to http://libris.kb.se/ and select English.